Guide to essay writing

An essay in a foreign language requires quality content and a good organizational structure, as well as a competent language processing.

Writing essays in English is one of the most problematic tasks in the delivery of the unified state exam. The complexity of the competition for him may be only listening. Therefore, training in the preparation of essays must be particularly enhanced and intense.

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Since 2012 the time allocated for the whole examination in foreign languages, increased to 180 minutes. As the rest of the examination was not changed, we recommend you to spend additional time on the written part (80 minutes). Moreover, specified a plan for the tasks that can alleviate the problem in writing.

As well as writing letters in English, an essay is included in part C. the task C2 in the exam in English need to write an essay with the elements of reasoning on the statement. To fulfill this task will not be difficult if you stick to the following tips.

Use a formal writing style:

  • do not use contractions (don’t, can’t, I’m, it’s),
  • do not use parentheses or exclamation marks is characterized by an informal writing style;
  • do not start sentences with and, but our also; in spoken language you can use, but avoid it in writing;
  • do not use introductory words characteristic of informal style (well, to tell the truth, etc.);
  • avoid overly simple sentences and combine them into complex, using logical means.

Video detail about writing essays

Divide the text into meaningful paragraphs in accordance with the proposed job plan.

In the first paragraph specify the problem that you will discuss, but don’t repeat the essay topic word for word. Imagine that your reader does not know what will be discussed, and try to explain the problem in other words.

Highlight positive and negative aspects of the problem, think of reasonable arguments to support both points of view. Remember that you need to Express not only their point of view, but the opposite. Also don’t forget to explain why you disagree with the other point of view. Try to strike a balance between the paragraphs.

Use transitional phrases to help the reader to follow the logic of your argument. Remember that the introductory words are highlighted by commas.

In the last paragraph, make a General conclusion on this issue. You can also finally formulate their opinion or propose solutions to this problem.

Structure parts

Title — the title of the essay that reflects the theme of the story.

Introduction — 2-4 short sentences that reveal the theme of the essay.

The bulk of 2-3 paragraphs that describe the essence of the work. As fully and competently expand the topic, provide arguments and reasoning for them.

The conclusion should be 2-4 sentences that summarize. The General conclusion on the topic.

In the main part of the essay, all paragraphs begin with an introductory sentence (Topic Sentence) – introduction. Further, the idea of Topic Sentence develops and is confirmed.

The essay should be between 200-250 words. The article is also a word, so don’t get too carried away with the development of ideas, try to stay within the given framework.

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