In such a school is no traditional schedule, and there is a flexible rhythm classes. The teacher to student jointly plan the topics and the time of performing different activities. This work is called “integrated day”. The main form of training is a method of discovery. Free mode facilitates the process of comprehension of a child of the world and of self-expression. Classes in the United children with a difference in age of up to 2 years. Such schools was seen as a cultural and educational center of the County.
The idea of “open learning” was implemented in several experiments: the “City as school” (Berlin, 90’s), “snow” and “sea” classes in France, a “school without walls” (UK, USA).
“Snow” classes – acquaintance of children with nature, life and human life in the mountains during the holidays, under the guidance of a teacher. “Sea” classes were decided in sea and river travel the same tasks of training and education. Training in “schools without walls” used the premises for business offices and industrial plants, scientific laboratories, museums and theatres, shops and cafes. The basic objects studied in colleges (USA) at the group sessions held 4 times a week for two hours. At the end of the week was held a final meeting with the participation of teachers and administration.
In the “year-round school” (USA) students go on vacation (for 2 weeks) every 45 days. As a result, the school operates 12 months out of the year, and students spend at school as many days as in a regular school.
“Non-graded school” (USA) is a educational institutions, which abolished the division into year classes. Each cycle provides the opportunity to master the program in an individual rhythm.
The world today is United by concern about the education of the citizen of the entire planet. Intensively develops international educational space. Therefore, the international community is committed to creating a global strategy for the education of the individual, irrespective of his place of residence and educational level. In our time predict the development trend of the world educational space, the types of regions on the basis of interaction between educational systems and their response to integration processes. All countries have an understanding of what modern education should be international. University education takes on the features of multicultural education. It develops the ability to evaluate phenomena from the position of another person, different cultures, different socio-economic formations. Thus the University not only preserved the spirit of freedom of scientific creativity, but also substantially enriched all training courses. It creates a multicultural environment that involves cultural self-determination freedom of the future expert and the enrichment of his personality.
In the world the aspiration to integration of different types of higher education institutions (under the aegis of the classical University) into scientific and educational cities of the continental, interregional and national importance. In different countries there is an Association of universities with industrial complexes. So formed the base for scientific researches and training of specialists for modern companies and enterprises.
How did historical traditions in the development of higher education in our country? According to the plan of 1 Peter, the University is the center of scientific and educational activities with cultural significance for the country’s development, as a result, nowadays the University consists of various research centers, research institutes, scientific societies and professional associations. University teachers not only create scientific schools, but also included in the broad promotion of achievements of science, culture and technology through public lectures, seminars, conferences, mass media, radio and television. A large part of the University teachers involved in the preparation of scientific-methodical manuals and writing textbooks for the educational systems of different types. In the history of the University was the link between the science Academy and middle school. In universities work professors who are members of the Academy of Sciences. Academy of education. Academy of medical Sciences and many other public academies. Traditionally, universities have domestic scientific and staff potential, and support cultural and scientific exchange with foreign universities. The most important principles for the development of domestic universities are:
- the link between science and practice in the process of training;
- the continuity between levels of education, cultural education, and high corporatism graduates of the University;
- citizenship education;
- intelligence and high spirituality of University life, regardless of the political system and economic conditions in the country.
What are the current innovations in the University education system? Reforming the system of higher education in is characterized by the search for an optimal match between prevailing traditions in the domestic higher school and the new trends associated with the entry into the world educational space. In this way there are a number of trends.