Maria Montessori, Italy. Basic ideas of Montessori: the independence of the student – the child learns himself, and the adult serves as a helper; freedom within established boundaries – instead of the traditional classes – a specially organized space in which the student organizes as he wants himself; “learning through discovery”: to work with the material, not memorizing definitions. Montessori also suggested that training in different age groups, independent classes to choose from several options, a three-hour continuous work cycles, the allocation of notional units in training, the emphasis on spontaneous individual discipline that leads to normalization of behavior.
Georg Kerchensteiner, Germany. In his approach was based on the principles of the Prussian school. Kerchensteiner believed that the main objective of the school is the education of civic responsibility and patriotism. The school should serve the individual and the state. German teacher introduced a very important educational principle – the education of the will, self-discipline, personal effort, overcome, self-improvement, and has achieved outstanding results.
Created a working commune for homeless children and juvenile offenders. The main principle of the training is to create a common cause that will help to re-educate and correct people. “If the team has no goal, it is impossible to find the method of organization.”
The third wave: the new challenges of time
And finally, the post-industrial wave is rapidly developing before our eyes, and the basic principles of the previous epoch (standardization, synchronization, centralization, maximization) dramatically lose their meaning. The third wave takes the form not of universal participation in programming or complex systems engineering training.
In the XXI century we got a community of fans of iPhones, bicycles Single Speed, barbershop, smoothie bars, and coworking.
Is an educational system can prepare for all this? Handicraft vocational schools are not trained specialists who will work in the era of members equity. Who knew that in order to succeed in business, you need to learn how to write the name of the customer on the Cup of coffee?
Spinners can be annoying, but if you don’t know what it is you are aware of the current agenda spring 2017 – wow.
The era began to change rapidly, unpredictably and prepare for the changes impossible. Because in addition to fashionable urban dwellers there is another pole, such as migrants, who often do not know the language of the titular nation and have completely different consumer habits. And all you have to get along together. However, today’s school finds opportunities for change in the new environment. Identifies several types of schools in modern :
- The largest mass school — Second waves with the sharp drop in the quality of learning.
- A small amount of extra interesting schools — as a rule, physics and mathematics.
- Rigidly socializing school type preparing for life as a prison or a camp.
- School lots of fun for children of rich parents, often de facto privatized by the Directors.
- School ghettos in new areas.
Speaking on the harmonization of schools and changes in the education system, says: “On the uniform educational system now is impossible to say. I am convinced that there are children who need strict enforcement and a whip, they have such a mentality, they are so arranged. There are children who need affection. All totally different and each needs its own approach, and the educational institution. Diversification of schools is a vital necessity. The modern school needs to prepare for sudden changes and ability to cope with new challenges of time”.